Most used drugs / LSD
What stands for LSD?
LSD (Lysergic Acid Diathylamide) is a hallucinogenic substance possessing a certain influence on person's psychic. It's sold in different forms, but usually can be found as blotter paper that is little paper parts, penetrated with LSD.
The substance also comes in other various forms which include crystal, gelatin squares, cmall pills (rarely met) or powder. Other variant is to rub LSD into the skin. LSD has been sold, firstly officially than illegaly, for more than 40 years.
LSD can be purchased under about 80 street names, as well as: blotter, cid, acid, trips, and doses, including names reflecting the view of blotter paper sheets.
LSD doses are determined in micrograms, meaning gram millionths. Cocaine and heroin doses, in comparison, are determined in milligrams, meaning gram thousandths. In comparison with other hallucinogenic drugs, LSD has a potential that is 100 times stronger than "magic mushrooms" (psilocybin) and 4,000 times stronger than mescaline. The dose which is believed to be capable of blowing hallucinogenic effect in people is averaged at 25 micrograms. In the recent years LSD potential detected under drug law enforcement activity wavers between 20 and 80 micrograms a dose. DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) considers 50 micrograms common dose's size.
LSD is produced by qualified chemists. Active component of LSD, Lysergic Acid, is illicit, that's why only a specialist can extract it and transfer to LSD form.
D-lysergic acid diethylamide (another LSD's definition) has the most active hallucinogenic potential, according to information received from U.S Drug Enforcement Administration. In the streets it could be already found in the 1960s, but over time was proclaimed illicit. As for LSD pills it's hard to determine the amount of LSD present in the bottler. Pills are commonly sopped into another substance for binding the drug to the paper. Binding chemicals can become a reason of negative effects, for example, tooth fragileness and fatigue. LSD is consumed per drop. It usually produces more effect (the concentration is from 200 to 400 micrograms a drop). A lot of addicts prefer acid in liquid form, as no additional chemicals are necessary. Consequently, the "trip" becomes smoother.
LSD's short historical reference. Firstly LSD was produced by a specialist, who worked at Sandoz Laboratories, located in Switzerland. He was doctor Albert Hofmann. For your information, there's an organization founded in his name and some web-sources related to him as LSD inventor.
LSD's primary purpose was to stimulate blood circulation and respiration. Actually no advantages of the component were found, so its researched was stopped. In 1940s the substance again came to the light as it was supposed to be an alternative medicine for schizophrenia. Due to LSD's textural relations to ingredient which can be found in the brain, as well as its resemblance to special symptoms of psychosis, LSD was a study instrument in research of mental diseases.
Sandoz Laboratories, the only drug manufacturer, began selling it in 1947 as "Delysid" medicine, and a year after it could be found in America. Sandoz sold LSD as a remedy for all cases from criminal behaviour to alcoholism, schizophrenia and sexual perversions. AND Sandoz, writing books devoted to LSD, offered medical specialists to try the substance themselves as to "receive understanding of feelings schizophrenic experiences". Within the limits of 15 years after 1950, devoted to LSD and other hallucinogenic substances' researches, more than 1,000 scientific documents, a lot of books, as well as 6 international meetings were processed, as a result LSD was given as a medicine to more than 40,000 patients. Despite of the fact that first hopes on LSD advantages were really great, experimental information showed much less than expected.
Later Timothy Leary glorified LSD after he was expired from Harvard University because of making experiments on students and volunteers to research LSD impact on the brain. After he defended the drug, claiming it has incredible qualities, improving human's mind. As a new movement in culture of 1960s and 1970s the drug was used as a subject for different books, one of them is "The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test" by Tom Wolfe.
In drug culture of 1960-s and 1970-s the drug was determined as "psychedelic" substance of choice. LSD was highly popular and often discussed until the appearance of negative reviews and stories, telling of "bad trips", psychological dysfunctions connected with LSD rush, and cases, which occurred suddenly and couldn't be controlled, named "flashbacks". These complaints and efficient drug law enforcement attempts blacked LSD's reputation in the middle of 1970-s. Scientific LSD researches also were stopped in 1980-s because investment in studies was lessened. Nevertheless LSD has still had high popularity among college and school students and other teens. It's not expensive and not difficult for young people to take it and nowadays it has little by little come back to illicit substances' market. LSD was widely used in scientific studies and it was high popular with addicts. Despite of the fact that LSD and different hallucinogenic substances' research made people aware of this chemical effect on the brain, its usage in medicine has largely been cancelled. It doesn't increase sexual appetence, creativity, doesn't possess a certain positive impact in giving up alcohol or treating criminals, and doesn't produce immediate changes in personality. In fact, drug researches have revealed that hallucinogenic drug impact can become a reason of deep negative effects, as panic behavior, flashbacks, and psychosis.
What are the characteristics of "tripping"?
LSD has gained popularity as a mind-expanding substance. A lot of addicts report that when taking LSD the life seems to be more colorful. An hour after taking LSD users are anxious, feel some tingling and see the colors brighter. After three hours there's a place for strong effects.
Addicts experience strong hallucinations. Some representatives claim the surrounding environment is moving and the landscape seems to be vivid. Some addicts see objects which aren't present in reality. The most strong changes are psychological ones. Addicts commonly overcome great mental changes, from complete insight to levity. Besides, addict initiate conversations which don't seem necessary or having sense to a common person. Also users become paranoiac, commonly when found in contact with individuals who don't experience tripping.
If such an addict has an idea in his mind, this idea becomes fixed, especially when it comes for fear or a trouble, she or he has experienced or is experiencing at the moment. The brain acquires strong sensitivity to surrounding environment, so that every change or interruption makes the addict upset. If the user overcomes such a condition, it's identified as a "bad trip". If a person you know is experiencing "bad trip", don't leave him, try to calm him and to speak with him. (The experience shows that it's worth doing).
A "Bad Trip". It's practically impossible to learn from somebody of his bad trip!
Ideas and fears of experiencing a bad trip may be useful for others, but really have a meaning for those who are afraid of it. A bad trip can lead the addict to unacceptable behavior, as a result he acts violently towards himself and other individuals. Some examples of bad trips include jumping out of the window and other foolish things, which people process when experiencing this condition. This reason is one of the basic why Acid is illicit. (Certainly, the main role in deciding what is illicit and what's not belongs to politics, but is not really connected with substance's danger). LSD addicts argue a lot why the drug has been made illegal.
In comparison with other drugs discussed, the main point is not in what physical affect LSD has but how it influences the addicts psychologically. That's why LSD usage is referred to as "tripping". Anytime not using the drug you won't experience that strange behavior. An addict will be later surprised why he's so confused when contacting with authority or dialing a phone. The user shouldn't drive an auto or use any machine. It would be good if the addict has a sober individual beside him in case the behavior becomes unacceptable. Individuals who had psychotic relatives in their family, for example, schizophrenics, shouldn't use LSD, as it can reveal schizophrenic tendencies. (The point is how to take LSD in a safe way). If the addict uses LSD continually he can face psychological and social troubles, because it's difficult for him to contact with reality. The addict can face flashbacks even years after giving up LSD.
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