Random Drug Testing
Random Drug Testing
There're a lot of arguments on this type of drug testing. Actually it violates the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution which stands for right of people "to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures." Besides, it is said that "no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized" But the fact is that the United States Supreme Court has issued Skinner v. Railway Labor Assn., 489 U.S. 602 (1989) that random drug testing can be performed for people on important work positions. As a representative of the Supreme Court, Justice Kennedy wrote:
"...the Government interest in testing without a showing of individualized suspicion is compelling. Employees subject to the tests discharge duties fraught with such risks of injury to others that even a momentary lapse of attention can have disastrous consequences based on the interest of the general public..."
"While no procedure can identify all impaired employees with ease and perfect accuracy, the FRA regulations supply an effective means of deterring employees engaged in safety-sensitive tasks from using controlled substances or alcohol in the first place."
Today Random drug testing is held in prisons, drug treatment organizations, by police, businesses and even at school. Parents can also use this method to test their children or pass it can be passed to schools for holding procedures there. The effect of this method is larger, as it often shows positive results in comparison with others, even if there's no reason to suspect in taking toxins at all. Businesses and authorities use different methods to decide who will be tested ? from selecting people, who behave inappropriate to simple generation of numbers. The main aim of this drug test is to lessen employees', students', imates' desire to take drugs. But some psychologists and agonists of random testing say that this method is harmful for someone's psychics and violates the right for the privacy. However, such tests are more effective to detect THC and cannabis, for these toxins are stored in person's organism for a longer time than others.